Climate Change

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We recognise the continuing need for society and business to address the global sustainability challenges of the efficient use of natural and human capital, loss of biodiversity, poverty and population growth. Long-term climate change is slowly occurring within an existing environment of high natural climatic variability and it is this joint understanding that provides the key to effective decision making. 

GHD’s approach is to deliver integrated services in the key areas of hazards assessment, mitigation, adaptation, energy efficiency and trading and carbon offsets. Our teams work with organisations to identify and understand both the strategic risk and opportunity presented by possible long-term global impacts.

We understand the importance of taking early action and positioning organisations to manage and respond to potential future changes in climate. Our people, made up of engineers, applied scientists, risk professionals, modellers, economists and social strategists deliver comprehensive climate risk, energy and greenhouse gas management services to enable efficient and sustainable business practices.


  • Climate variability, risk assessment and management
  • Infrastructure impacts, design and maintenance (flood, wind, wave, sea level rise, storm surge)
  • Environmental impacts
  • Insurance loss and risks
  • Adaptation strategies and planning for resilient coastal communities
  • Greenhouse gas emission measurement, reduction, verification and reporting (e.g. NGERS)
  • Consideration of emerging legislative frameworks
  • Investor-reporting and new market evaluation
  • Carbon solutions (footprinting, lifecycle, capture, storage, farming)
  • Energy efficiency, fuel switching and renewable energy

For further information, contact:

Nick Deeks
Service Line Leader, Climate Change – Australia, Chile, New Zealand, Asia Pacific, Europe and the Middle East
T: +61 8 6222 8956
E: Nick Deeks

Juraj Cunderlik
Service Line Leader, Climate Change - North America
T: +1 519 8840510
E: Juraj Cunderlik

Carbon Disclosure Project


Investors are seeking comprehensive detail to understand how emissions within organisations fluctuate, and provide investor confidence that there is a longer term strategic focus to climate risk management. Australia’s major banks and financial institutions participate in the international Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) scheme and review the short and long term risks of organisations in which they invest.

In Australia, more than 500 organisations have a mandatory reporting requirement under the NGER Act to report their Scope one and two emissions on an annual basis. Although important, this provides limited insight into a company’s risk management strategy to manage climate change.

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Coastal hazard adaptation strategy (CHAS) study


GHD was commissioned to undertake this pilot project to demonstrate how Queensland’s coastal councils can better prepare coastal communities for the impacts of projected sea level rise, storm tide and beach erosion risks associated with long-term climate change. This comprehensive study incorporated hazard assessment, vulnerability mapping, quantitative impact analyses, scenario development, planning strategies, multi-criteria and benefit-cost analyses of a wide range of adaptation options between the present and the year 2100. Funding was provided by the Commonwealth Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency’s Coastal Adaptation Pathways Program. The Griffith University Centre for Coastal Management assisted GHD with some aspects of the project.

The results show that parts of the City of Townsville and surrounding coastal communities are under significant threat from coastal hazards over the 88 year study period (2012-2100) and that the optimum timing for some adaption measures will be within the next 30 years. This study represents the first step in identifying potential practical coastal adaptation strategies to respond to existing and future threats from coastal hazards in the region; these being categorized nominally as either Defend, Retreat or Accommodate.

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Australian Plantation Forestry Climate Change


As part of the Australian Government’s Forest Industries Climate Change Research Fund program, GHD was engaged to examine how plantation fire risk profiles may change under climate change scenarios.

One of the key climate change risks for the plantation forest industry is increasing losses from fire, coupled with rising bushfire risk management costs.

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Fugitive Greenhouse Gas Emissions


In 2005, fugitive emissions represented 5.5 percent of Australia’s emissions. GHD has developed in-house capability and methodologies to become a leading technical provider of fugitive emission management in Australia. We have a depth of knowledge in all areas of fugitive emissions including landfill, mine fugitive emissions, waste water fugitive emissions as well as fugitive emissions from oil and gas extraction. Our specific capability includes:

Emissions from wastewater - With Australia’s leading experts in wastewater emissions, GHD has successfully delivered greenhouse gas projects for most of Australia’s water authorities and many local councils. GHD offers project-specific solutions that align with new environmental regulations to minimise emissions from wastewater.

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With one of Australia’s most experienced and accredited NGER audit teams, GHD can undertake all reporting, audit and verification requirements under the National Greenhouse Energy and Reporting (NGER) Scheme. More than 500 of Australia’s largest emitters have a mandatory reporting requirement under the NGER Act to report their Scope 1 and 2 emissions on an annual basis.

The NGER Scheme introduced in 2007 requires large energy users and greenhouse gas emitters to report on their annual greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption and production. The Scheme’s legislated objectives are to:

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Sea Level Rise Risk Assessment


GHD was commissioned by Sutherland Shire Council to determine the potential impacts of a changing climate on coastal and catchment flooding as part of the development of Council’s Climate Change Adaptation Plan. The study enabled a more complete understanding of risks and quantified the possible extents to which projected sea-level rise, changes in storm event patterns and river flooding may impact on the Shire and its various assets over time.

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Waterways & Coastal

Ross Fryar

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Ross has more than 20 years’ experience with the assessment of waterways and water quality associated with major engineering infrastructure. Working jointly between our water and environmental teams, Ross has helped GHD deliver some very significant environmental water impact assessments covering major port developments, desalination projects, wastewater treatment plants and urban development. Using an understanding of the complex interactions between ecosystems and water and by applying good science, our teams have been successful in helping many of our clients gain approval for their infrastructure with minimum impact on the environment. Ross looks forward to working with our environmental teams and clients to realise more sustainable developments.

Service Group Manager Surface Water
T: +61 7 3316 3619
E: Ross Fryar


Sue Trahair

Sue Trahair

Sue is a chemical engineer with more than 25 years’ experience in environmental and greenhouse auditing and verification, solid waste management, odour control and hazardous waste treatment. She has a background in wastewater treatment (concept and detailed design of sewage treatment plants and industrial wastewater treatment plants). Sue has been actively involved in conducting environmental audits since 1990. She has conducted over 400 environmental, compliance and due diligence audits, over 100 greenhouse gas audits and been project manager/peer reviewer for an additional 320 audits. Sue has been accredited as a Lead Environmental Auditor from RABQSA for more than 14 years. She is approved as a Lead Auditor under the NSW Greenhouse Gas Abatement Scheme and Energy Savings Scheme, a Lead Verifier under the Department of Climate Change NGERS, Greenhouse Challenge Plus, Greenhouse Friendly and Generator Efficiency Standards programs.

Principal Engineer and Lead Environmental Auditor
T: +61 2 9239 7435
E: Sue Trahair

Andrew Roy – Victoria

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Andrew is a senior environmental scientist and manager of GHD’s Natural Resource consulting team in Melbourne. Andrew has extensive experience in the fields of climate change and greenhouse gas abatement and management for a range of sectors both in Australia and internationally. He is a Lead Auditor under the NSW Greenhouse Gas Abatement Scheme, and a Lead Auditor under the Commonwealth Government’s Greenhouse Challenge Plus program.

Manager, Natural Resource Management – Victoria
T: +61 3 8687 8111
E: Andrew Roy

Dr Jeff Foley – Western Australia

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Jeff manages the Water and Wastewater Process team in Perth. He has more than 10 years’ experience in the areas of wastewater treatment, odour control, greenhouse gas emissions and life cycle assessment. For the past three years, Jeff has acted as the principal technical advisor to the Water Services Association of Australia, in their negotiations with the Department of Climate Change on industry concerns regarding measurement and liability issues under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting System and the proposed emissions trading scheme. He is the principal author of the recently published Water Industry Guidelines for reporting under NGERS.

Manager, Water and Wastewater Process Group – Western Australia
T: +61 8 6222 8577
E: Dr Jeff Foley

North America

Wayne McFarland

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Wayne has an extensive background in environmental engineering with experience in research, planning, design and construction of industrial and municipal environmental and energy projects. His industrial experience includes three years as Environmental Engineering Manager for Agway Energy and has managed projects both across the US and the United Arab Emirates. With more than 35 years’ practical experience, he has directed or performed more than 700 engineering and environmental projects involving feasibility studies, facility design and construction projects, and compliance with energy, air quality, water quality, remediation, hazardous waste, OSHA, petroleum and chemical bulk storage, and emergency planning regulations.

Environmental Engineer, Industrial Compliance Service – USA
T: +1 315 679 5839
E: Wayne McFarland

Kristine Gaspar

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Kristine has 19 years’ experience in environmental review, greenhouse gas emissions analysis, resource agency permitting, and community surveys. She has led several community-wide assessments that followed the internationally recognized ICLEI Model. She has prepared National Environmental Policy Act and California Environmental Quality Act environmental analysis on a wide variety of projects from public infrastructure to private development projects. She is currently the Project Manager for the Lake Herman Quarry Expansion Environmental Impact Report and the Central Healdsburg Avenue Plan Environmental Impact Report. Kristine also assists clients in securing and complying with resource agency permits such as California Department of Fish & Game, US Army Corps of Engineers, State Water Quality Control Board, and Bay Conservation & Development Commission.

Senior Environmental Consultant – USA
+1 707 236 1539
E: Kristine Gaspar